Essential Oils


List of Essential Oils
Allspice Essential Oil
Angelica Essential Oil
Anise Essential Oil
Basil Essential Oil
Benzoin Essential Oil
Bergamot Essential Oil
Birch Essential Oil
Bitter Almond Essential Oil
Black Pepper Essential Oil
Boldo Essential Oil
Buchu Essential Oil
Cajuput Essential Oil
Calamus Essential Oil
Camomile Essential Oil
Camphor Essential Oil
Caraway Essential Oil
Cardamom Essential Oil
Carrot seed Essential Oil
Cassia Essential Oil
Catnip Essential Oil
Cedarwood Essential Oil
Cinnamom Essential Oil
Citronella Essential Oil
Clary Sage Essential Oil
Clove Essential Oil
Coriander Essential Oil
Cumin Essential Oil
Cypress Essential Oil
Davana Essential Oil
Dill Essential Oil
Elemi Essential Oil
Eucalyptus Essential Oil
Fennel Essential Oil
Frankincense Essential Oil
Galbanum Essential Oil
Geranium Essential Oil
Ginger Essential Oil
Grapefruit Essential Oil
Helicrysum Essential Oil
Hyssop Essential Oil
Jasmine Essential Oil
Juniper Essential Oil
Lavandin Essential Oil
Lavender Essential Oil
Lemon Essential Oil
Lemongrass Essential Oil
Lime Essential Oil
Mandarin Essential Oil
Manuka Essential Oil
Marjoram Essential Oil
Melissa Essential Oil
Mugwort Essential Oil
Mullein Essential Oil
Mustard Essential Oil
Myrrh Essential Oil
Myrtle Essential Oil
Neroli Essential Oil
Niaouli Essential Oil
Nutmeg Essential Oil
Oakmoss Essential Oil
Orange Essential Oil
Oregano Essential Oil
Palma Rosa Essential Oil
Parsley Essential Oil
Patchouli Essential Oil
Pennyroyal Essential Oil
Peppermint Essential Oil
Petitgrain Essential Oil
Pimento Essential Oil
Pine Essential Oil
Ravensara Essential Oil
Rose Essential Oil
Rosemary Essential Oil
Rosewood Essential Oil
Rue Essential Oil
Sage Essential Oil
Sandalwood Essential Oil
Spearmint Essential Oil
Spikenard Essential Oil
Tagetes Essential Oil
Tangerine Essential Oil
Tansy Essential Oil
Tarragon Essential Oil
Tea Tree Essential Oil
Thuja Essential Oil
Thyme Essential Oil
Tuberose Essential Oil
Vanilla Essential Oil
Vetiver Essential Oil
Wintergreen Essential Oil
Wormwood Essential Oil
Yarrow Essential Oil
Ylang Ylang Essential Oil


An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aroma compounds from plants. Essential oils are also known as volatile oils, ethereal oils or aetherolea, or simply as the "oil of" the plant from which they were extracted, such as oil of clove. An oil is "essential" in the sense that it carries a distinctive scent, or essence, of the plant. Essential oils do not form a distinctive category for any medical, pharmacological, or culinary purpose.
Essential oils are generally extracted by distillation. Other processes include expression, or solvent extraction. They are used in perfumes, cosmetics, soaps and other products, for flavoring food and drink, and for adding scents to incense and household cleaning products.
Various essential oils have been used medicinally at different periods in history. Medical application proposed by those who sell medicinal oils range from skin treatments to remedies for cancer, and often are based on nothing better than historical accounts of use of essential oils for these purposes. Claims for the efficacy of medical treatments and treatment of cancers in particular, are now subject to regulation in most countries, and to avoid criminal liability, suppliers of fringe remedies are becoming increasingly vague in what they promise.
As the use of essential oils has declined in evidence-based medicine, one must consult older textbooks for much information on their use. Modern works are less inclined to generalize; rather than refer to "essential oils" as a class at all, they prefer to discuss specific compounds, such as methyl salicylate, rather than "oil of wintergreen".
Interest in essential oils has revived in recent decades with the popularity of aromatherapy, a branch of alternative medicine that claims that essential oils and other aromatic compounds have curative effects. Oils are volatilized or diluted in a carrier oil and used in massage, diffused in the air by a nebulizer, heated over a candle flame, or burned as incense.
The techniques and methods first used to produce essential oils was first mentioned by Ibn al-Baitar (1188–1248), an Andalusian physician, pharmacist and chemist.

Dangers
Because of their concentrated nature, essential oils generally should not be applied directly to the skin in their undiluted or "neat" form. Some can cause severe irritation, provoke an allergic reaction and, over time, prove hepatotoxic. Essential oils should not be used with animals, as they possess extreme hepatotoxicity and dermal toxicity for animals, especially for cats. Instead, essential oils should be blended with a vegetable-based "carrier" oil (as a base, or "fixed" oil) before being applied. Common carrier oils include olive, almond, hazelnut and grapeseed. Only neutral oils should be used. A common ratio of essential oil disbursed in a carrier oil is 0.5–3% (most under 10%), depending on its purpose. Some essential oils, including many of the citrus peel oils, are photosensitizers, increasing the skin's vulnerability to sunlight. Industrial users of essential oils should consult the material safety data sheets (MSDS) to determine the hazards and handling requirements of particular oils.